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Bay of Fundy National Park
State: New Brunswick
Gateway City: Alma
Climate: The climate of the park is determined by the bay waters and tides, which account for high amounts of precipitation and fog. 50-60% of the days are cloudy. Visitors can expect cool summers and reasonably warm winters, with lots of rain and snow.
Number of visitors per year: 250,000
The Minas Basin in the Bay of Fundy holds the record for highest tide in the world at 16 meters. While the primary attraction at Fundy is the tides, there are also over 20 waterfalls, most of which are accessible by hiking trails. Whale watching is also available at the Bay of Fundy, the best month for it being the month of August. While the charters aren’t run out of Fundy itself, the charters are very close and someone camping at Fundy can easily access the whale watching charter.
Camping, hiking, and winter sports that take advantage of the abundant amount of snow are all part of the Fundy experience.
World’s Oldest Red Spruce
This tree was “discovered” in the summer of 2005, and is believed to be around 445 years old. The Acadian forest in which it resides is classified as endangered according to the World Wildlife Fund.
Caledonia Highlands Plateau
The Park acts as the buffer zone between the boreal forest to the North and the deciduous forest to the south. The Caledonia highlands rise abruptly from the ocean shore by 300 feet.
When the tide goes out, visitors can literally walk on the ocean floor. Old boots or shoes recommended for this walk.
Fundy National Park Golf Course
Of course the Scots that settled in this area brought their game with them. Tee off on this 9-Hole course which offers some of the finest scenery in the world.
Fundy Atlantic Salmon
Salmo Salar, or Atlantic Salmon, are almost extinct in the Bay of Fundy. There is an ongoing conservation effort to restore their numbers. Their numbers started to dwindle when their spawning grounds got choked by logging over a hundred years ago, and they haven’t fared much better since.
Over 260 bird species make the Bay of Fundy a stop on the Atlantic Migration route, including the common loon. The Peregrine Falcon, which was extinct when the Park was opened, has been successfully reintroduced.
Seven species of salamanders live in the park, easy to spot on hikes deeper into the interior. Fundy is the only Canadian National Park known to contain the Northern Dusky Salamander.
Northern Flying Squirrel
Largely a nocturnal creature, you aren’t likely to catch the squirrel tree-jumping during the day. If it looks larger than a bat, it is most likely one of these critters.
- Over 100 km of hiking and biking trails.
- Heated saltwater swimming pool
- Three Campgrounds
- Numerous interpretative programs, offering nature walks and presentations.
- Tennis & Lawn Bowling
- Sea Kayaking
- Whale Watching
The official management plan for Fundy is available here:
There are also various conservation groups and projects established to reduce the effects of climate change on the sensitive Fundy.
Nova Scotia Bay of Fundy Shorebird Project
How to donate
As with the other National Parks of Canada, funding is provided by the government. Groups surrounding the Bay of Fundy need help though, including:
Grand Manaan Whale and Seabird Research Station
St. Croix Estuary Project
- The Common Loon on Wolfe Lake
- Harm Assessment for Fundy Atlantic Salmon
- Harbor Porpoise Bay of Fundy